1991 Ceasefire Agreement Iraq

UNITED Nations Security Council Resolution 687, adopted on 3 April 1991, reaffirming Resolutions 660, 661, 662, 664, 665, 666, 667, 669, 670, 674, 677, 678 (all in 1990) and 686 (1991), the Council set the conditions in a comprehensive resolution that Iraq had accepted after the loss of the Gulf War. Resolution 687 was adopted by 12 votes in and 1 against (Cuba) and two abstentions from Ecuador and Yemen after a very long session. [1] Iraq accepted the provisions of the resolution on 6 April 1991. [2] He pointed out that Resolution 687, adopted in April 1991, imposed disarmament obligations for Iraq, the terms of the ceasefire signed at the end of the Gulf War, in which another US-led coalition had driven troops from Baghdad from Kuwait. UNITED NATIONS, APRIL 6 — Iraq today adopted the hard-to-do UN Security Council resolution that officially ended the war in the Persian Gulf in exchange for President Saddam Hussein`s agreement to abandon all weapons of mass destruction and pay damages for his seven-month occupation of Kuwait. The United States gave its official reasons for the invasion of Iraq on Thursday at the UN Security Council and said Baghdad had violated a ceasefire resolution adopted after the 1991 Persian Gulf War. “We generally remain pessimistic until our plane is on the ground,” Captain Craig Hendrix of Valdosta told the AP, “but it reinforces our mood to know that there is a ceasefire agreement.” Following the adoption of all paragraphs of the resolution by Iraq, a formal ceasefire was concluded between Iraq and Kuwait and the Member States cooperating with Kuwait. The legal justification for the invasion is as controversial among many nations as by some international lawyers who argue that the Security Council must decide on a “material violation” or grant specific authorization before an invasion can take place. U.S. Ambassador John D. Negroponte called military operations “substantial” to ensure compliance with Iraq`s disarmament commitments in a series of Council decisions. Among these measures is Resolution 1441, adopted on 8 November, which gave Iraqi President Saddam Hussein one last chance to disarm.

The MISSION of the UN force would be to monitor the arid and desert border of Iraq and Kuwait, just over 100 miles long, and a 25-mile waterway called Khor Abdullah. The ceasefire resolution authorizes the force to operate 16 miles inside the Iraqi border and 6 miles inside Kuwait. In a similar situation, collaborator David Hoffman reported that the vote in the Iraqi Parliament of 250 seats, which accepted the Security Council resolution, was declared between 160 and 31 by Iraqi officials, although the figures, like the Assembly itself, are little more than a clean-up of the windows of the decisions of the Supreme Revolutionary Command , which met last night under the chairmanship of Mr Hussein. The Council reminded Iraq of its obligations under the Geneva Protocol to unconditionally withdraw and destroy all chemical and biological weapons and ballistic missiles with a range of more than 150 km. As part of this request, the Council asked Iraq to submit, within 15 days, a report listing all the sites of all the aforementioned weapons and accepting urgent on-site inspections.

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