Turkey Maritime Agreement With Libya

Turkey is a member of the UN and the Libyan GNA is recognized by the international organization. Therefore, there are criticisms such as: “If there was a relationship with the regime of [Khalifa] Haftar, if Turkey signed an agreement with Haftar, it would be better” not to have a legal basis, since the GNA is a transitional government in Libya, created under the terms of the Libyan Political Agreement, a UN-led initiative signed on 17 December 2015. Josep Borrell, Vice-President of the European Commission, said that the agreement signed by Turkey and Libya is a violation of third countries and does not comply with the law of the sea. [13] The President of the Republic of Cyprus, Nicos Anastasiades, wanted to create a diplomatic movement to annihilate the agreement between Libya and Turkey. He also stated that this movement would not include any military options. [14] Greece challenged the UN and denounced the Libyan ambassador in response to the agreement, furious at a pact that bypasses the Greek island of Crete and violates its continental shelf. [15] “United Nations ministers have registered the maritime justice agreement between Turkey and Libya,” the ministry said on its Twitter account. “Our deep relationship with Libya, based on more than 500 years of history, will continue to strengthen.” The registration of the agreement between Turkey and the Libyan GNA at the United Nations is clearly an ambitious and encouraging signal to other coastal states for Ankara to have a say in the future development of the region`s gas and hydrocarbon reserves. While an exclusive policy can create tension and instability, inclusion and cooperation will definitely ensure a win-win outcome for all countries in this geostrategic region. Egypt also criticized the agreement and called it “illegal.” The legitimacy and legal consequences of the agreement have been challenged by a number of states in the region as well as by the European Union. According to the European Union, the agreement “violates the sovereign rights of third countries, is not in accordance with the law of the sea and cannot have legal consequences for third countries.” [3] Cyprus and Egypt both considered the agreement “illegal”, while Greece considers it “unconfessed” and “geographically absurd” because it ignores the presence of the islands of Crete, Kasos, Karpathos, Kastellorizo and Rhodes between the Turkish and Libyan coasts.

[4] Not only is Turkey in conflict with Greece and Cyprus, but it is also exacerbating tensions between Ankara and the EU, in addition to persistent disputes over migration policy and broader questions about Turkey`s role in NATO.

Comments are closed.