1808 Slave Trade Agreement Apush Definition

The House of Representatives and the Senate agreed on a bill, passed on March 2, 1807, called a law called the An Act, to prohibit the importation of slaves into a port or place within the jurisdiction of the United States, since and after the first day of January, the year of our Lord, one thousand eight hundred and eight. The related measure also regulated the coastal slave trade. President Thomas Jefferson signed the Act on March 2, 1807. [11] Many in Congress thought that the act would derail slavery in the South, but they were wrong. [12] Many settlers, even slavers, hated slavery. Jefferson called it a “hidden spot” on America. George Washington, who owned hundreds of slaves, called it “disgusting.” James Mason, a slave owner from Virginia, denounced him as “bad.” In addition, after the abolition of the slave trade in the United States in 1808, many Americans continued the slave trade by transporting Africans to Cuba. From 1808 to 1860, nearly one-third of all slave ships owned American merchants or were built and equipped in American ports. [18] It is possible that U.S.

citizens “transported twice as many Africans to other countries such as Cuba and Brazil than to their own ports.” [18] The law prohibiting the slave trade in 1808 provided another source of demand for fast ships, and for another half-century, ships were equipped and financed in this trade by many respectable citizens in most American ports. Newspapers in the 1950s contain occasional references to the number of ships that sail from different cities in this traffic. One report said that in 1859 there were still seven slaves who were regularly equipped in New York, and many more in all the major ports. [16] In 1775, free and enslaved Africans made up 20% of the population of the Thirteen Colonies, making it the second largest ethnic group after the English Americans. [2] During the American War of Independence against Great Britain, the United Colonies banned their participation in the international slave trade.

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